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POWTRAN PI500 Frequency inverter application in Hammer Crusher
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1. The introduction of the crusher

Hammer crusher is widely used in cement, ceramics, glass, artificial gravel, coal, non-metallic mines and new green building materials and other industries. Large pieces of material putting into the crushing chamber, stacked on the intermediate bracket customized in the machine, the hammer runs in the middle of the gap in the bracket, the large pieces of material arecontinuously crushed and fallenthe small falling pieces are stricken into smash by high-speed operation of the hammer head, and finally qualified by grid plate to discharge.

Single-stage hammer crushers are used to break the general brittle ore, such as limestone, muddy siltstone, shale, gypsum and coal and etc., also suitable for crushing the mixture of limestone and clay, with full rotary mass hammer, adjustable broken plate, along the grate, security doors and other structural features.

At present, 5000t / d or even l0000t / d cement clinker production line are gradually popularised, large demand for cement production equipment are also increased gradually, of which limestone crushing capacity l000 t / h or more, to meet the requirements of the vertical grinding process system single hammer machines have a very broad market demand. China's major cement plant selected 1000t / h above crusher, most of them are double-rotor hammer crusher. Domestic same type single-rotor crusher, only single-stage hammer crusher production can be stable to achieve this requirement at present. Single-stage hammer crusher Compared with the double-rotor crusher, with less a motor and transmission system, less a rotor, the main advantage is that the stand-alone crusher got low cost, and the majority of users are more familiar with the use of single rotor crusher. By closely tracking the using condition of single-stage hammer crusher and timely amendments to the various aspects of the shortcomings, after the stereotypes of a single hammer crusher has become the largest production of single-rotor hammer crusher in China, with a broad market expectation.


2. Working principle

Hammer crusher and impact crusher belong to impact crushersby crash of high-speed rotary hammer or plate hammer to the ore, also get a certain speed of movement at the same time, and then with the counterattack plate Or the collision of the liner, or the collision between the ore, the qualified products discharged outside the machine after several collisions.

The hammer crusher only strikes the ore with a single or several hammers hinged to the hammer shaft, thereby to break the ore. When the ore is broken, the speed and kinetic energy obtained are limited, and the degree of collision between the counterattack plate and the backing plate is relatively low. If the compressive strength of the ore is high and the block is large, the kinetic energy of the hammer itself is not enough to break the ore or blow it down. The hammer can rotate in the opposite direction of 360 ° on the hinge axis, after the collision and then gradually to the direction of work to accelerate to the normal speed. In this case, the ore slides along the hammer, rolling, in the tens of milliseconds time interval suffered from the next row of hammer blow. It can be seen that the exchange energy of the single impact of the hammer crusher is low and the maximum is less than the sum of the kinetic energy of the hammer at the same time.

Because the process of the hammer back to the rated speed is very longer, the acceleration time is short, that is to say, the rotor system on the hammer kinetic energy compensation is a gradual process, the impact to the entire rotor system is small. In addition, whether the ore is broken by a blow or a break or not, it only relates to the sum of impact to the hammer and the kinetic energythe entire rotor has nothing to do with the kinetic energy. The size of rotor kinetic energy only need to ensure that the hammer can restore the original speed after the collision, that is to ensure that the speed fluctuations generated by the hammer kinetic energy compensation is within the permit scope.  If the compressive strength of the ore is too high, the property is too dense and tough, exchange energy obtained by a single impact can’t reach to the strength making the ore burst, the single crushing efficiency will be obviously reduced. If it fails to break the ore after several impacts, the overall crushing efficiency of crusher will be significantly decreased.

It can be seen that the hammer crusher is only suitable for crushing medium-strength brittle ores, which is its limitation; the hammer crusher has great adaptability to large brittle ores, the large pieces of weak surface of the ores can be gradually broken by multiple batches of moderate strength impact, which is its obvious advantage.

3. The necessity of selecting the frequency inverter

3.1 With automatic acceleration and deceleration function, can make motor start smoothlysmall mechanical impact, reduce maintenance costs and the impact on the power grid;

3.2 With precise speed control capability, the user can adjust the appropriate speed according to the material and the expected particle size. The output torque of the crusher by frequency control changes with the load change, which can effectively improve the efficiency.

3.3 Energy saving, to adjust the motor speed according to the broken material, improve efficiency, save energy;

3.4 With complete protection function, can achieve overvoltage, overcurrent, undervoltage, overload, short circuit protection, to ensure stable operation of the motor, and reduce vibration, shock and noise, providing a good working environment

4. Solutions and application examples

4.1 The purpose of the transformation: the original control system using star-delta start, power frequency operation, start with large current impact, easy to cause power grid fluctuations, causing a great mechanical impact and wear at the same time, resulting in reducing the lifetime of the motor greatly, large maintenance, directly affecting the production efficiency. And the original control system of the motor has been working in power frequency, can’t adjust the motor speed to meet the different requirement for the ore crushing. To solve these problems, adopt the frequency transformation on the original system. The latest product PI500 series frequency inverters from POWTRAN technology are used for the system.

4.2 PI500 series frequency inverter with the following characteristics:


Precise motor parameter self learning

Steady speed precision, wide speed range

Low speed with high torque small torque ripple

Instantaneous power off dont stop function

40℃ working environment, independent duct design

New generation energy saving running

Anti-corrosion paint spraying process

Meet international safety certification standards CE/TUV

Built in self-adjusting PID function module

Easy to use PC software

I/O extended function

Built in braking module

Support multiple communications

High protective film for keypad

Support various kinds of installation ways, flange mounting available

Fan can be disassembled, easy to install, clean and replace

Added QUICK multifunction key and keyboard lock function selection

4.3 Selecting principle: As the load for crusher is not constant, with the size of the broken object changes, the range feeding to the machine is changeable, requiring the drive with large starting torque and powerful over current, so the inverter should be selected with the power 2 size higher than the loadFor this application, use a PI500 400G3 inverter to drive a 320kw motor, the inverter through the external terminal to start, make the inverter start stably, running at steady operation current.

Inverter model

PI500 400G3R

Production sequence


Type of the load

Crusher machine

Rated frequency of the motor


Motor power


Rated current of the motor


Rated voltage of the motor


Rated speed of the motor


Working current of the inverter


Inverter working current


Working frequency of the inverter


IGBT working temperature(Tem.rise)


Status of the power grid


Voltage fluctuation of DC bus


4.4 Application pictures on-site:


5. The effect of the crusher after frequency inverter reform

5.1 Improve the breaking effect

The variable frequency control system has precise speed control capability to match the torque output of the motor to the load. The user can adjust the appropriate speed according to the material and the required material size. The output torque of crusher by frequency control changes with the load change, which effectively improve its working efficiency.

5.2 Energy saving

The crusher controlled by frequency Inverter compared with the traditional control of the crusher, energy conservation is the most practical significantTo adjust the motor speed condition according to the broken material is economical.

5.3 Extend the lifetime of the crusher

The frequency inverter can effectively reduce the peak current of the starting current to a minimum and extends the service life of the motor.

5.4 To prevent damage to the motor

The frequency inverter has function of overcurrent protection. If the equipment is jammed or the equipment is overload caused by lubricating oil. The equipment can be effectively protected and prevented from being overloaded.

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